It’s the day when great war of Mahabharata is all set to begin. Armies from both the sides assemble in the battlefield of Kurukshetra facing each other. War is about to begin.
In that moment, Arjuna, the greatest warrior of Pandavas, asks Shri Krishna to take his chariot in the center so he can see both the armies from a equal distance.
Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 1
When Arjuna looks at the faces of warriors, he realizes that both armies have his relatives and loved ones. He also realizes that many of those will die in the war. He gets filled with grief and despair imagining the loss of his relatives.
Arjuna tells Krishna that he has no desire to fight if it means killing his relatives. He declares that he doesn’t want a kingdom or victory which comes at the cost of killing his relatives. He puts down his weapons and sits down in his chariot in the centre of the battlefield.
Arjuna falls down from reasoning to relations.
Arjuna’s attachment for his loved ones veils his intelligence and he even quotes the ancient words of wisdom to support his ignorant state. He gets submerged in the deep sea of sorrow, grief, and attachment and declares that quitting the war is the only meaningful solution.
Shri Krishna reminds Arjuna that war is taking place for the establishment of fairness and peace for all and not for supporting Arjuna’s relatives.
Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 2
Lord Krishna asks Arjuna to analyze the situation neutrally. He tells Arjuna to seek the truth instead of trying to justify his situation. Since Arjuna’s intelligence is hidden behind the dark emotional clouds, Arjuna completely surrenders to Krishna and requests Krishna to show him the right path.
Krishna explains the concept of Karma and tells that humans can choose their actions(Karma) but not the results of their actions. When someone performs with this understanding, that person doesn’t get affected by the result of his or her Karma. For rooting this understanding, one should firmly establish himself or herself deeply in Self-Knowledge.
Krishna also tells that any knowledge is fruitful only when practiced, assimilated, and stabilized.
Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 3
Arjuna gets confused between the path of Karma and path of Knowledge. So he asks Krishna to suggest him only one path.
Krishna explains that Karma and knowledge cannot be separated.
Karma should lead to greater discovery of true knowledge and knowledge should be used to further purify Karma. Knowledge and Karma should feed each other in the right way.
He condemns the inaction arising from apathy because it can neither purify the Karma nor increase the knowledge.
He suggests following one’s desire at this stage because desire will motivate action and suppression of desires will lead to apathy.
Action contributes to material, social, and spiritual progress.
All human beings, irrespective of their consciousness level or spiritual stage, whether wise or ignorant, must perform actions.
However a wise person will be detached from his or her karma while the ignorant will be attached.
Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 4
Shri Krishna reveals his true identity as an avatar of God and talks about His true nature and its knowledge.
He explains that as Krishna he is performing his duties, but He is free from all the Karma and its results because of knowledge.
Krishna explains that a wise man only focuses on the ultimate consciousness. Such person is self-sufficient, content, independent,
equanimous, and free from fancies, desires, expectations, attachments, and jealousy. His actions are meant for rising the planetary consciousness which uplifts the humanity.
Shri Krishna further explains the benefit of true knowledge. By gaining true knowledge, one can avoid getting into delusion and can relate his identity with the ultimate consciousness or God.
Knowledge can purify all Karma and thus knowledge is the greatest purifier.
Krishna clarifies that wise one with faith and a sincere desire for knowledge will gain the knowledge and can enjoy world without being attached to it.
On the other hand, one who is ignorant, faithless, and doubtful will neither gain knowledge nor enjoy anything; neither in present nor in future.
Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 5
Shri Krishna explains about Karma-Yoga and the various stages of progression. He tells that a Karma-yogi’s objective is to dedicate all his Karma to God without any concern or expectation to God. This way, outcome of his actions will not cause any reaction in his mind and heart. By following this path, one can develop self-control and will eventually discover one’s true-self.
Krishna suggests the path of karma-yoga to understand detached Karma with right knowledge:
- Follow the ultimate goal of raising one’s consciousness.
- Surrender all your actions to Ultimate consciousness (God or Universe).
- Don’t be attached to the results.
- Free yourself from possessiveness; and
- Maintain Peace.
Shri Krishna also explains the characteristics of a wise person and wisdom. He explains when one realizes its true-self, it becomes obvious that one is same as all at the purest level. In the presence of his true-self, his body organs function under the direction of supreme consciousness and one is beyond good or bad.
Ignorance of this ultimate truth, keeps one in delusion and one gets attached to body and its actions.
Knowing the self brings self-knowledge and destroys self-ignorance as sunlight destroys the darkness.
More coming soon … Stay tuned